On 9 May 1950 the idea of a united Europe was born from the rubble of war. The Schuman Declaration, a historic and unprecedented proposal by French foreign minister Robert Schuman to set aside centuries of tension and hostility between European nations, was presented to the world from the magnificent Salon de l'Horloge of the Quai d'Orsay, the French foreign ministry.
EPP TV, the web television service of the EPP Group, has produced a special documentary to mark the sixtieth anniversary of the Schuman Declaration as part of our ‘Milestones' series, which examines key events in the development of a united Europe.
The Schuman Declaration proposed the pooling of coal and steel production in France and Germany, in order to prevent Germany from rearming again and threatening Europe's hard-won peace. The declaration also proposed that this arrangement should be open to all European nations that wished to participate.
The Schuman Declaration arose from the belief that Germany should be rapidly reintegrated into the international community after the war rather than face the punishment and humiliation as was imposed by the Treaty of Versailles following the First World War. In this historic act Schuman was closely supported by Jean Monnet, a senior French politician and, like Schuman, one of the founding fathers of modern Europe.
Schuman's proposal came almost five years to the day after the end of the Second World War. It was therefore a massive political risk. But Schuman's bold and courageous move came from his deep conviction that Europe could not endure another war. He was determined to seek reconciliation and progress where before there had been enmity and destruction.
The political risk paid off. Just seven years later the six founding member states of the European project signed the Treaty of Rome, establishing what turned into the European Union - a community of countries devoted to peace and mutual cooperation.
EPP TV travelled to Paris to film at the Quai d'Orsay. The documentary also contains interviews with Jacques-René Rabier, who worked alongside Jean Monnet and is one of the few people still alive to have been present during the Schuman Declaration. The documentary also features an interview with EPP Group Chairman Joseph Daul, who, like Schuman, is a from a border region of France.
The video is produced in English and subtitled in French German, Italian and Spanish.
The link is:
The link to the full text of the Schuman declaration is: